CStructures with for, sinceand last

PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE

We can say that something hasn't happened for a We can say that it is a long time since something

long time or since a specific time in the past. happened or when was the last time it happened.

We haven't hada party forages. It's ages sincewe last hada party.

We haven't hada party sinceChristmas. Christmas was the last timewe hada party.


14 Exercises

1 I have done or I did?(A)

Put in the correct verb form.

► I've done (I / do) all the housework. The flat is really clean now.

► A young couple bought (buy) the house next door. But they didn't live there long.

1 Our visitors............................................ (arrive). They're sitting in the garden.

2 There's still a problem with the television. Someone............................................ (repair) it,

but then it broke down again.

3 ......................................... (1/ lose) my bank card. I can't find it anywhere.

4 The match.......................................... (start). United are playing well.

5 My sister.......................................... (run) away from home. But she came back two days later.

6 Daniel........................................... (earn) some money last week. But I'm afraid he's already spent it all.

7 ......................................... (we / plant) an apple tree in the garden. Unfortunately it died.

8 Prices........................................... (go) up. Everything is more expensive this year.

9 Someone.......................................... (turn) on the hi-fi. What's that song called?

10 (I / phone) the office at eleven to speak to the manager, but he isn't there today.

11 (I / make) a cake. Would you like a piece?

12 The runner Amos Temila.......................................... (break) the world record for the 1500 metres in

Frankfurt. Then two days later in Helsinki, Lee Williams ran it in an even faster time.

2 I've done it. I did it yesterday. (B)

Things that have happened today are on the radio and TV news. Give the news using the present perfect and past simple.

► the Prime Minister / visit Luton University / speak to students there / earlier today
The Prime Minister has visited Luton University. He spoke to students there earlier today.

1 the train drivers / go on strike / stop work / at twelve o'clock

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2 the Queen / arrive in Toronto / fly there / in an RAF aircraft

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3 two men / escape from Parkhurst Prison / get away / during the night

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4 the actor Howard Bates / die in a car accident / his car / crash into a wall

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5 Linda Jones / win the women's marathon / run it / in 2 hours 27 minutes

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3Structures with for, sinceand last(C)

Complete the conversations.

► Mike: This car is filthy. I haven't been to the car wash for about a year.
Tom: What! You mean it's twelve months since you last went to the car wash?

1 Laura: I haven't used my camera recently. June was the last time I took a photo.

Trevor: Really? I'm surprised you ............................................................................................................ June.

2 Rachel: I haven't seen Andrew for weeks.

Daniel: Nor me. It's ...................................................................................................................................... him.

3 Tom: What about a game of cards? We haven't played since your birthday.

David: Really? You mean my birthday................................................................................................ cards?

4 Emma: I feel terrible. It's three days since I ate anything.

Vicky: What did you say? You ..................................................................................................... three days?


15 Present perfect or past simple? (2)



A I've been or I was?


PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE

We use the present perfect for a state which has We use the past simple for a state in the past, in a

gone on up to the present. (David is still in period which is finished. (David's stay in hospital

hospital.) is over.)

We've lived herefor ten years. We lived therefor ten years.

(And we still live here.) (We don't live there now.)


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